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Communicable Diseases

One of the roles of the Scioto County General Health District’s Community Health Division is to prevent and control the spread of disease. The Ohio Revised Code directs physicians, laboratories and hospitals to report certain diseases to the local health department where the patient lives.

Positive disease reports (for mandated reportable diseases only) are reported to the Ohio Department of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This information is reviewed to determine disease trends, risk factors and the effectiveness of various vaccines and medications. The information is kept confidential and the patient’s name is not released to the public.

The Scioto County General Health District is allowed to release information to the public and media about specific diseases reported and number of cases (without identifying individual patients). This is done to encourage protective measures (such as hand washing or vaccination), and to alert the medical community on current trends.

Communicable Disease Investigations

SCHD’s Public Health Nurses are responsible for monitoring, studying, and investigating communicable diseases that occur in Scioto County. Our Public Health Nurses study the factors and relationships that determine the presence, numbers, trends and distribution of diseases in communities and specific populations. Our Public Health Nurses perform the following tasks in order to help prevent and control communicable diseases within our county:

  • Provide information on disease prevention and control
  • Perform infectious disease surveillance
  • Review health data and perform health trend analysis
  • Consult with community partners on local health issues
  • Create surveys to study health behaviors and program effectiveness, then tabulate and analyzes responses
  • Work with staff in all areas to evaluate programs, investigate disease outbreaks and provide statistical analysis on collected data.
  • Work with our Regional Epidemiologist for assistance in surveillance, analysis, and outbreak investigations concerning communicable diseases that occur in Scioto County.

Click H E R E for our May 2019 Monthly Communicable Diseases Newsletter

Click H E R E for our May 2019 HEP A Report


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